Ammonia, NH3, spreads throughout the air. One of the ways this gas is produced is by artificial fertiliser. Our solutions map ammonia concentration in the air.

What is ammonia?

Ammonia, NH3, is a colourless gas with a strong smell. It is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen. Once ammonia has been released, it will remain in the atmosphere for a few hours during which time the wind can distribute the gas over great distances. As a result, the gas can stay in the air kilometres away from where it was released. In doing so, it can settle on the ground and this is referred to as deposition.

Sources of emissions

Ammonia is produced in great quantities to make fertiliser, cleaning products and refrigerant, amongst others. Animals also release it after eating proteins.
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Impact on people and nature

Effect on biodiversity

In nature, ammonia leads to eutrophication. Some plants such as grass and nettles will force out other plants as a result.

Irritation of mucous membranes

In high concentrations, NH3 can be toxic to humans. For instance, people may suffer from irritation of the nasal and throat mucous membranes or it may affect the respiratory organs.

Formation of particulate matter

NH3 can be converted into particulate matter in the air. This occurs when it comes into contact with nitrogen and sulphur oxides. Particulate matter is harmful to human health.
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How does satellite data help?

Our solutions can show ammonia concentration in the air. We map meticulously concentrations in a specific area. Our data can be used to interpret and monitor measured levels, ensuring evolving insight for policy decisions.